The Bridges of Budapest

This year I visited Budapest for the fourth time, but it’s the first time I’ve learned about it’s history.

Personally, I was really impressed by the history of the bridges of Budapest. Did you know that Budapest has ten bridges that cross the Danube, linking Buda and Pest? And did you know that all of these bridges were destroyed by the German army during World War II?

If you’ve visited Budapest, I’m sure you’ve crossed at least two or three. The bridges spread over the touristic area of the city, that are the most impressive and accessible by foot are(from north to south): Margaret Bridge, Chain Bridge, Elizabeth Bridge, Liberty Bridge and Petofi Bridge.

Each of these bridges has an interesting story behind it, starting with it’s name:

  • Margaret Bridge is the second oldest bridge in Budapest(after the Chain Bridge). It’s built next to Margaret Island and has a passing that connects the bridge to the island. The bridge and the island are named after Saint Margaret, a nun that lived in the Dominican convent on the island.
  • Chain Bridge is the oldest bridge between Buda and Pest and one of the main symbols of the city.  In the square on Buda’s end you will see an oval shaped monument that is the “0 Kilometers” point, the point where all the main roads in Hungary start.
  • Elisabeth Bridge is built in the narrowest part of the Danube and it’s the only bridge destroyed in World War II that was not rebuilt in it’s original form. It was named after Queen Elizabeth, wife of Franz Joseph. This bridge is very easy to identify due to it’s modern structure and the color white.
  • Liberty Bridge is built right next to Elisabeth Bridge. It’s original name was Franz Joseph. After World War II this was the first bridge that was rebuilt. And it’s name changed to Liberty Bridge.

You will find out much more interesting facts about the bridges  and other Budapest sights by taking one of the available tourist tours.

The phrase that I loved most from our tour is this:

Franz Joseph and Elisabeth bridges were built next to each other, symbolizing the Emperor and his wife. Although they both survived over the years, one lost it’s name and the other one it’s form.

TIP:

The perfect spot to admire the these bridges and the beautiful view of the Pest side is from the Citadel ( on top of Gellért Hill)

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